Set beneath the Caucasus Mountains, with Europe to the West and Asia to the East, few countries offer
such a combination of natural beauty and rich culture as Armenia.
With a long and complex history comprising times of both great prosperity and great tragedy, it has
recently developed a boutique tourist industry welcoming those who wish to immerse themselves in its
rich cultural heritage through buzzing cities, beautiful landscape, and stunning monuments.
The easiest and most comfortable way to visit Armenia is by booking a holiday package. You can book tour
packages flying from Dubai, and stay in one of the citys many four and five star hotels. You can enjoy
the capitals wealth of monuments and museums as well as its lively atmosphere, or you can go beyond to
explore the beauty of the South Caucasus region.
1. Overview (At a glance)
Time Zone: GMT(- 4)
Dialing code: +374
Language: Armenian - English is not widely spoken.
Currency: Armenian Dram (AMD). Most cities and towns have banks and ATMs, and some of
them dispense dollars as well as dram - however bring cash if going to more rural areas. Dollars can be
easily exchanged within the cities. Higher-end shops, restaurants, and hotels will tend to accept Visa
or Mastercard, but cash will be used for most smaller transactions.
Plug Sockets: Armenia uses plug sockets C and F, which are the standard two-pronged
European plugs. The standard voltage is 230 V and the frequency is 50 Hz, which is the same as
Getting Around: You can rent a car to drive around the country, however roads - and
local driving styles - can be difficult to navigate. Many tourists opt to hire a driver for day trips
getting around the cities, which is a cheaper and more convenient option.
Minibuses or shared taxis (marshrutka) are the most common form of public transport, both within cities
and between them, and are the cheapest way to travel around the country. There is also a metro system in
Given the proximity and open border between the two countries, many tourists opt to visit Armenia and
Georgia within the same visit.
2. When to Visit
The best time to visit Armenia is either during the beginning (May-June) or end (September-October) of
the summer months. This is the time when the weather is at its mildest and most pleasant. In the spring,
flowers bloom across the country, making it particularly beautiful, however there is also an increased
chance of rain. The early autumn offers warm and long days and more stable weather, and is the most
popular time to go.
Temperatures during the summer months vary between 22C and 36C, and can reach 40C for several days at a
time, however it is cooler in the north and in the mountains, as well as in the evenings.
Winters are cold and harsh, making it an unpopular time of year for visitors. However, if snow and ice
are your thing, the country does have plenty to offer in the way of winter sports, including popular ski
resort and spa town Tsaghkadzor. The cold weather also means that prices are at their lowest, and great
deals can be found for tour packages.
Armenian food is similar to that of nearby Greece and Turkey, with both Mediterranean and Middle Eastern
influences. Lamb and eggplant are key ingredients, as well as lavash, a traditional Armenian flatbread
widely consumed in the region.
Stews are widely eaten in the winter, such as khash (made of beef or lamb parts and traditionally eaten
at breakfast) or dzhash, an everyday broth made of meat or legumes, vegetables, and spices.
Babecued or grilled meats (khoravats) such as pork, lamb, or beef are also extremely popular and widely
eaten on the go as street foods or as kebabs within main meals. Another popular dish is the dolma,
consisting of rice or minced meat wrapped in grape leaves.
Armenian culture has a rich history, having been part of various great ancient empires and sat for
centuries in a key position between East and West. While the country has suffered greatly in the past
century, with the effects of the Armenian persecution by the Ottoman empire in the early 20th century
still visible in some parts, the Armenian people remain strong and proud of the countrys cultural
Key elements of traditional Armenian culture include literature, music and dance, architecture, and
craftsmanship including carpet weaving and lacemaking. Yerevan is an excellent place to explore these,
with a large number of museums covering the countrys history, art, literature, nature, and technology,
as well as several house-museums showcasing the residences of the Armenias most famous figures.
The capital is the most popular destination for tourists who want to discover the culture of Armenia, as
well as for those who wish to experience the countrys modern atmosphere. However, the rest of the
country has plenty to offer in terms of breathtaking scenery, jaw-dropping architecture, and charming
World Heritage- listed monasteries in Tatev, to the south, and Debed Canyon, to the north, are a
favourite with tourists, showcasing some of the finest architecture the country has to offer as well as
incredible mountain views.
Nature lovers are spoilt for choice in Armenia: Yeghegis Valley offers a chance to visit smaller local
villages and unique churches within a beautiful scenery, whilst Dilijan is a peaceful mountain retreat
with plenty of hiking trails and B&Bs. Stunning Lake Sevan is also a popular destination, with plenty to
see and do both in the waters around the shores.
6. What to pack
Armenias weather varies widely depending on the time of year, so dress appropriately for the season.
Think warm coats, scarves, gloves, and plenty of layers for winter, and light, comfortable clothing for
summer. If you are going in spring, it is best to bring a good raincoat or umbrella, as you will
probably be caught in some rain.
What to pack will also depend on the activities you are doing: bring a good pair of walking boots in
youre going to be hitting the hiking trails, and a good swimsuit if you are going to be going to Lake
Sevan. During the summer, remember to wear plenty of sunscreen, and bring a basic first aid kit if you
are intending to do any hikes in the mountains.
7. Visa Regulations
UAE citizens are exempt from visa requirements to enter Armenia. If you have another passport, you can
find out more about your visa requirements Click here.