Blessed with the presence of snow-laden unseen mountains, prestigious heritage sites, and heaven-like settlements, Nepal is pure bliss for every traveler. Though the country is popular for its sky-touching mountains, monasteries, temples, and laid-back surroundings, it is frequented by history lovers and architecture enthusiasts too. After all, the country houses some of the most beautiful temples in the Indian subcontinent. It hosts a great series of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and hence, the country is one of the most loved destinations amongst explorers. Nepal also makes for an amazing destination for trekkers, hikers, mountaineers, and campers. Explore Nepal tourism and unfold millions of surprises on your way.
USEFUL INFO ABOUT NEPAL
Official Name: The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Form of Government: Federal Parliamentary Republic
Capital and Largest City: Kathmandu
Population: 28 Million (As of 2018)
Official Language(s): Nepali
Major Languages Spoken: Hindi, English, Nepali, Maithili, Bhojpuri
Airports in Nepal: Tribhuvan International Airport
Though Nepal is one of the most visited and loved nations in Asia, it does not have great internet connectivity. Due to the presence of mountains and hills, most of Nepal is uninhabited. Hence, phone services in the country are quite weaker in comparison to other nations. However, all the populated regions in and around Kathmandu Valley have great connectivity.
You can use web-based services to call your friends and family. Most of the hotels and resorts in Nepal would provide you with free Wi-Fi services. Buy a local prepaid SIM card to remain connected to the online world while on the go.
You can get a prepaid local SIM card at the airport or at any telecommunication stores in the country.
The major mobile network operators in Nepal are:
A 5-GB 30-day prepaid data plan in Nepal would cost you less than $5.
Calling Code: +977 Embassy of UAE: Phone number: +977 1421 7776 and +977 1400 6767 Timings: 10:00 am to 05:00 pm (Closed on Saturdays and Fridays)
For more information, click here Police: 100 Ambulance: 102 Fire: 101 Traffic Control: 103 Tourist Helpline: 01-424-7041
Nepalese Rupee is the national currency of Nepal and has been used extensively for exchanging goods and services since its introduction in the year 1932. Earlier, the country used several other forms of currency such as silver mohar. Today, Nepalese rupee is used across the country and is the only legal tender here. However, Indian rupee and US dollars are also widely accepted in Nepal.
Symbol: Rs Code: NPR 1 Nepalese Rupee = 100 paisa
Few Nepal money conversion rates for your reference (As of July 2020)
Nepal Currency into AED
1 NPR = 0.031 AED
Nepal Currency into INR
1 NPR = 0.63 INR
Nepal Currency into USD
1 NPR = 0.0083 USD
Frequently used Nepalese Rupee notes can be found in the denomination of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000
Frequently used Nepalese Rupee coins can be found in the denomination of 1, 2 and 5
Traveler's cheques are accepted in most of the banks in India.
Use internationalized ATMs to access cash as much as possible.
It is always better to exchange your currency at the airport itself.
Nepal has a history as old as 30,000 years ago. However, the first urban settlement in the country is believed to have come from the Indus Valley civilization a few thousand years ago. It was in the Bronze Age when the Dravidians settled in the region and made it their home. Later, Tibeto-Burmans and Indo-Aryans also arrived here.
This was the time when the country witnessed a rise in agriculture and the domestication of animals. Nepal has also been mentioned several times in the age-old Hindu texts such as the Upanishads. That is the reason it is popular for being a cultural, historical, and political center.
Later, around 600 BCE, the country had become home to numerous small territories. This is also the period when Buddhism was founded and in subsequent years, Nepal became a land of spirituality. The Great Ashoka visited the country around 250 BCE and constructed numerous pillars and monuments.
Gradually, Nepal started making its mark on the global map. During the Medieval Period, numerous Hindu powers rose and ruled the country. By the 18th century, Nepal has become a strong center for trade, education, and history. Tourists started finding their ways to the country to explore its hidden charm and unseen beauties. However, after the 1950s, the country became a democratic republic due to the emergence of numerous movements and rallies.
Today, Nepal is one of the most loved tourist destinations in the world and is visited by millions of tourists. It is extremely popular for its natural landscapes and the Himalayan belt. From the mighty Mount Everest to Pashupatinath Temple, travelers are in for a spell-binding experience here.
BNepal has an amazing landscape patched with hills, the Himalayas, valleys, streams, grasslands, and more. That's the reason the country hosts beautiful topography. It is surrounded by India on three sides and by the autonomous region of Tibet on the fourth. Other countries in its vicinity include Bhutan, China, and Bangladesh.
Nepal covers an area of about 147,516 sq km of which about 93% make up the land region.
The lowest point in Nepal is the village of Mukhiyapatti Musharniya at about 59 m above the sea level
The highest point in the country is at Mount Everest at about 8848 m above sea level.
Nepal is a landlocked country and hence, the country does not have any coastline. Due to the presence of glaciers and the Himalayan region, the country boasts of an extensive water system. More than 6000 rivers are present in Nepal and most prominent ones of them are:
Art and Music
The history of art in Nepal is quite old and the presence of stupas dating back to hundreds of years proves that. Though architecture in the country has mostly remained confined to Buddhist constructions and religious buildings, one cannot deny the fact that Nepal has witnessed a great change in the field of art since globalization. Today, hundreds of new art-forms are encouraged at dozens of art festivals organized every year.
Music in Nepal has evolved over a period. From the folk compositions of Dohori to the western-style beats on Nepalese music charts, a lot of things have changed. Today, people not only listen to Ghazals, classical music, bhajan, and Tamang Selo, they do enjoy rock, hip-hop, rap, metal and other genres. That's why the country hosts a number of music festivals every year where new talent comes up and rise to greater heights. Today, Nepalese music has become a mix of indigenous and western compositions.
Food and Drink
Nepalese cuisine is unique in many ways, though it has been influenced by the kitchen practices of several other countries. One would find the equal use of vegetables as well as meat in Nepalese dishes. However, daal and rice, also called daal-bhat, is the most savored combination in the country. Momo, local style dumplings, has gained popularity across the world, especially in Asian countries and is eaten with great interest. Over a period, Nepalese food has created a loyal fan-base.
Nepalese also love to enjoy drinks, along with savoring their favorite meals. Most of the famous drinks relished in the country are locally produced, be it beer, tea, or some other beverage. Tongba is the national drink of Nepal and is culturally as well as religiously significant. This alcoholic beverage is prepared from millet.
Nepal is one of the friendliest nations in Asia as it is the place where you would come across a happy, kind, and helpful crowd. Though the crowd in the country is conservative, tourists are never judged for their looks and beliefs. People here understand how to take good care of their guests. That's one of the reasons tourists from around the world love visiting Nepal again and again.
Nepal is often touted to be one of the most beautiful and peaceful countries in the world and hence, one can roam around and explore places safely and securely.
Explore UNESCO World Heritage Sites like Kathmandu Valley, Chitwan National Park, and Sagarmatha National Park.
With over 30 ethnic groups, experience a colorful world of diverse cultures in Nepal.
Capture the unspoiled beauty of snow-capped mountains and frame the greatness of the Mount Everest.
Revel in a wide range of local dishes such as daal bhat and explore your taste buds.
Witness amazing wildlife in the wonderful national parks of Nepal and satisfy the wildlife lover in you.
Explore a string of beautifully crafted temples and bring home innumerable memories.
Meet a crowd of extremely friendly, generous, and kind people and have amazing travel experience.
Visit Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, and experience divinity.
Trek some of the grandest and globally-renowned nature trails.
Nepal has different climatic zones due to its diverse topography. The presence of the mighty Himalayas and other mountain ranges influences the climate of the country to a large extent. However, the most prominent seasons Nepal experiences are Dry season that starts from October and ends in June; Wet Season starts from June and ends in September.
The major climate zones in Nepal are:
Tropical Zone (Region below 1000 meters)
Subtropical Zone (Region between 1000 and 2000 meters)
Temperate Zone (Region between 2000 and 3000 meters)
Subalpine Zone (Region between 3000 and 4000 meters)
Alpine Zone (Region between 4000 and 5000 meters)
June is the hottest month in Hong Kong with 27℃ as average temperature.
January is the coldest month in Hong Kong with 7℃ as average temperature.
July is the wettest month in Hong Kong with rainfall of about 363 mm.
The summer season in Nepal starts from May and lasts till the end of August, while the winter season in Nepal starts from December and ends in February.
September to December
The best time to visit Nepal is from September until the end of December as this is the time when you would find dry weather with clear skies and optimum temperature conditions. During this period, tourists find themselves quite comfortable in the open as the sun is cooler. One can visit most of the places in Nepal without any disturbance from the climate during the period between September and December.
Average Nepal Weather
Average Nepal Temperature in September: 23℃
Average Nepal Temperature in October: 20℃
Average Nepal Temperature in November: 15℃
Average Nepal Temperature in December: 12℃
Visit Nepal with Family/Kids
Visit Nepal and watch the wondrous beauty of the world's highest mountain, Mount Everest.
Plan a family trip to Nepal and explore the charm of its awe-inspiring valleys and lush green hills.
Shop the best souvenirs in the vibrant street markets of Nepal.
Try authentic Nepali cuisine in the food streets of Kathmandu.
Go for an adventurous journey in the unexplored regions of Nepal and discover new villages and towns.
Visit museums and other sites of educational importance.
Visit Nepal as a Couple
Explore the wonderfully built divine temples and monasteries of Nepal.
Witness nature romancing around in the arms of unspoiled valleys on the outskirts of Kathmandu.
Visit the hills and valleys of Nepal and capture beautiful sunrise and sunset views.
Book a spa session together and detox your mind and body.
Take a romantic walk through the age-old alleys of Kathmandu Valley and watch history whisper its tales.
Visit Nepal with Friends
Awaken the adventurer within you and enjoy trekking, hiking, and mountaineering in the hills of Nepal.
Visit Chitwan National Park and capture the colorful wildlife of the country.
Visit the revered historic Pashupatinath Temple and learn about the popular legends of Nepal.
Go on a stupa tour across the country and explore the Buddhist culture and lifestyle in Nepal.
Take wonderful pictures by Phewa Lake or Gosainkunda and create everlasting memories.
What to Buy?
Pashupati Nath Temple
Located on the banks of the beautiful Bagmati River, Pashupatinath is an amazing temple complex in the sprawling center of the Kathmandu Valley and is one of the must-visit places in Nepal. As it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is popular amongst travelers of all kinds. Built in the 16th century, the temple complex houses hundreds of shrines including Ram Mandir, Guhyeshwari Temple, and Vasuki Nath Temple. Visit it and experience divinity all around. Timings:
04:00 am to 12:00 pm and 05:00 pm to 09:00 pm Price:
Free for Indians
$8.32 for others
Visit Nepal and not exploring Lumbini is like roaming the streets of Paris and not capturing the beauty of the Eiffel Tower. One of the most prominent pilgrimage sites amongst followers of Buddhism, Lumbini is the birthplace of Lord Buddha. Hence, the place is considered divine and of utmost prominence amongst his devotees. The place is also home to numerous historical sites that would take you back in time. The Pillar of Ashoka, Maya Devi Temple are such places here. Timings: Anytime Price Range:
Free for Indians
$5-$10 for others (Including temples and all major tourist attractions)
Chitwan National Park
Witness the rare wildlife of Nepal at this marvelous Chitwan National Park. Established in the year 1973 and spread over an area of about 952 sq. km, this wondrous expanse of nature houses unbelievable species of plants and animals. It is here you come across more than 65 species of mammals. Bengal Tiger is one of the most popular sights to capture at Chitwan National Park. Hundreds of species of rare and endangered birds can also be seen chirping all around. Timings:
07:00 am to 05:00 pm
(01:00 am to 05:00 pm for Safari) Price: $16.65 per person per day (Including Safari)
Another popular pilgrimage site in Nepal, the Swayambhunath Stupa, otherwise called the Monkey Temple, is one of the best places to visit in Nepal. The golden spire of the temple, marvelous murals, and wonderful paintings come together to form an unforgettable sight. From the top of the temple, cherish the most remarkable views of Kathmandu Valley. It is also a great site for capturing sunrise and sunset vistas. Timings: Open 24 Hours all Days Price: $1.66 per person
Everest Base Camp
If hiking or trekking is all you need to make your vacation worth remembering, then you cannot miss out on visiting Everest Base Camp. The trek takes for about 12-15 days and is something every adventurer would love to experience. It is the place where you witness the grandeur of the world's highest Mount Everest. So, set off on this adventurous journey in the Himalayas and witness the magic of nature at the feet of the gigantic mountain. Timings: Anytime Price: $1500 - $1700 per person
One of the largest spherical stupas in Nepal with a height of about 118 feet, Boudhanatha is another UNESCO World Heritage Site where you get to explore a mix of history, culture, and architecture. It is located on the outskirts of Kathmandu and is one of the major parts of Nepal tourism. The blue eyes of the stupa radiating brilliance throughout the day are set to surprise you. Timings: Open 24 Hours Price: $3.33 per person
A part of the UNESCO Site of Kathmandu Valley, Durbar Square takes you through pages of history. It is one of the most Instagram-able places in Nepal and, a retreat for history lovers and architecture enthusiasts. The square is lined with age-old buildings that include temples, towers, residential houses, and more. Visit it and bring home the best of Nepal. The presence of the tourist crowd in and around the square makes it more vibrant. Timings: Open 24 Hours Price:
$1.25 for SAARC nations
$8.32 for China and other countries
A perfect place to witness the grandeur of the Himalayan ranges, Pokhara Valley must not be missed who is really into capturing wonderful landscapes. It is one of the most prominent Nepal tourist attractions and has been alluring travelers from around the world. If you are looking for a place where you relax on a weekend and detox your mind and body amid untroubled nature, then Pokhara Valley is your calling. Pleasant climate, unspoiled environment, and dazzling waterbodies make this place a piece of paradise. Timings: Anytime Price: No Entrance Fee
Other Places of Importance in Nepal
National Museum of Nepal
International Mountain Museum
Sagarmatha National Park
One of the most-awaited cultural festivals in Nepal, Diwali is the festival of lights and is celebrated with full vigor every year. This is the time when people clean their houses and decorate their homes with colorful lights and lamps. Shopping is an important part of the festival as people indulge in it with great interest. Buying candles, bursting crackers, and worshipping Hindu gods are the major parts of the celebrations. The festival observes the day when Lord Rama killed the demon Ravana and returned to his home, Ayodhya. Location: Across the country Date: October/November
Another festival that sets the entire nation happy is Gai Jatra, literally translated to the festival of cows. It is one of the significant locally celebrated festivals in Nepal as cows are considered extremely auspicious in Hinduism. This is the day when cows are adorned with colorful clothes and freely roam the streets of the country. The activity is done to help the deceased reach heaven. People also partake in mask dance, singing and dancing shows and more. Location: Across the country Date: August
Buddha Jayanti commemorates the birth anniversary of Lord Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. The festival provides an insight into the greatness of the Buddhist culture. Hence, it must not be missed by any traveler. This is the day when temples are decorated with lights, colorful clothes, and flowers. Followers from around the world attend the festival in Lumbini and offer prayers to Lord Buddha. Sweet dishes are prepared, and people revel in vegetarian food. Location: Across the country Date: April/May
Also called Nepali New Year, Bisket Jatra is all about the beautiful chariot festival of Bhaktapur. The festival is celebrated through a few cultural and fun activities such as tug of war, singing, dancing, and playing music. A huge pole standing by the river is brought down by the crowd as an act signifying the start of a new year. Worshipping Lord Bhairav and Goddess Bhadrakali is an important part of the festival. A tongue piercing is also a common sight to capture during the festival. Location: Across Nepal Date: 14 April
The festival of colors, Holi is one of the major festivals in Nepal and is celebrated with great passion. It is also called Falgun Purnima in the local language. Today, it is popular beyond boundaries and is observed across the globe. People wear new clothes and throw colors on each other. Water guns, sprays, and balloons are the major parts of the Holi celebrations in the country. The festival also celebrates unity and brotherhood. Location: Across the country Date: March
Other popular festivals in the country
If you are looking to enter the boundaries of Nepal, then you must obtain a valid visa unless you belong to a visa-exempt nation. Though Nepal allows most of the countries across the world to have either freedom of movement or visa on arrival, there are certain countries that require a valid visa prior to their visit.
As per the visa policy of Nepal, India is the only country that has complete freedom of movement to and from Nepal. Citizens of India can also reside in Nepal without any restrictions. All they need to have is either an Indian passport or voter ID card or any other registration certificate issued by the Government of India.
Below given is the list of the countries that need to apply for a regular tourist visa to enter the boundaries of Nepal:
Afghanistan, Cameroon, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Ghana, Iraq, Liberia, Nigeria, Palestine, Somalia, Syria and Zimbabwe
Citizens of all the remaining countries are eligible to get Nepal visa on arrival for a maximum period of 90 days.
Fee for Nepal Visa on Arrival:
15 days multiple entry = $30
30 days multiple entry = $50
90 days multiple entry = $125
You can apply for the Nepal Visa here.
Members of SAARC countries can apply for a tourist visa on arrival free of cost.
Citizens of China, Macau and Hong Kong can also get their visa fee waived.
If you desire to travel between different cities in Nepal, then you can opt for buses. Regular buses ply between Kathmandu and other places in the country. Several local buses also run within the cities and hence, they make for a great option for getting around. A bus ride within a city would cost a maximum of $1, while between cities a maximum of $8.
If you have time in your hand and are looking forward to exploring places at a slow pace, then human-pulled rickshaws would do a great thing. Get an unconventional experience as you ride these and move through age-old streets and squares of Nepal. A ride in these rickshaws wouldn't cost you more than $1
Auto rickshaws are available at almost every major place in Nepal. However, they are much costlier in comparison to other modes of transport such as buses and human-pulled rickshaws. If you would love to save a few bucks and invest that amount into other experiences, then auto-rickshaws would be the best option to go with. Hire one for a day and cover all the major tourist destinations.
Due to irregular terrain, Nepal does not have a long rail network. The only two passenger trains in Nepal run between Janakpur and Jainagar & Raxaul and Sirsiya. Hence, trains are not a comfortable option for tourists in the country.
Cabs are the fastest and most convenient means of transport in Nepal and that's the reason they are preferred by a majority of tourists. One can find cabs at all the major tourist places across all the prominent cities and towns. The prices for cab rides in Nepal are reasonable as they charge no more than $5 per short trip.
Via Air Route
Tribhuvan International Airport located in the capital city of Kathmandu is the busiest and most prominent airport in Nepal. It is well connected to other parts of the world including the Middle East, the West, and the South. You can take direct flights from places like Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Delhi, Hong Kong, Kuwait, Muscat and more. Hence, it is the most preferred route amongst tourists.
From the airport, you can either use cab services or other public transport such as a bus to reach your destination in the country.
Via Rail Route
Nepal is only connected to India via the rail route. Several passenger trains run between Raxaul (India) and Sirsiya (Nepal). Though the route is not preferred by tourists, it surely would add to a wonderful experience. If you are coming from Bihar in India, then you can opt for the rail route.
Via Road Route
You can also take a road route from India to reach Nepal as the country has quite a good network of roads. You can either drive on your own or hire a cab. You can also take a bus from places like Varanasi, Patna, Raxaul, Lucknow and Delhi to reach Nepal.
Via Water Route
Being a landlocked country, Nepal does not have any water route
Head towards places like Janakpur, Barun Valley and Rupa Taal to explore the untold beauties of the country.
Hiring a bicycle is the best way to explore the beauty of Nepal at your own pace.
Do proper research about the weather conditions and seasonal changes in Nepal before booking your tickets.
Stay on the outskirts of Kathmandu to spend a peaceful vacation without any disturbance from the tourist crowd.
Nepalese currencies are not accepted elsewhere and hence, do exchange them before leaving the country.
Though you would find marijuana everywhere across hills, do not assume for a second that it is legal in the country. Doing drugs is strictly illegal in Nepal.
Always keep hand sanitizers and tissue papers with you as public toilets in the country are not great.
Be aware of monkeys, especially while eating around temples and other popular tourist attractions within the city.
Thamel area is one of the few places in the country that remains open till midnight and hence, it is a perfect place to explore the nightlife of Nepal.
Do not get tricked into buying things as you would come across several scammers every day.
Though Nepal is known for being home to the enchanting natural beauty that remains undisturbed, you might encounter heavy traffic in the capital city.
Though Nepal is safe for tourists, try to avoid traveling alone at night.
Hire a guide before you take up an unexplored trekking or hiking route.
Have required safety kit with you if you are trying any adventurous activity on your own.
Refrain from traveling through uninhabited places and poorly lit streets.
Earthquakes are quite common in Nepal and hence, stay at a place that is less prone to such calamities.
Do not flaunt your valuables or money in the public, especially at crowded tourist attractions as you might get tailed by thieves.
Always keep emergency numbers and your ID card handy.
Do not venture out with the original copies of your documents such as a passport.
Avoid drinking tap water as it may contain harmful bacteria. Rely only on bottled water.
Keep a first aid kit with you wherever you go.
Consult your doctor and take necessary vaccinations for Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Cholera, Typhoid, Yellow fever, Rabies, Polio and Tetanus before flying.
Only eat at places that are popular amongst locals and prepare food in a hygienic manner.
Don't drink water from streams as it is may contain harmful substances.
What to Pack?
First aid kit
Warm clothes (For high altitude regions)
Phone/laptop/tablet and their charger
Flip flops or sandals
Dress Code & Etiquette
While visiting temples and other sites of religious importance, make sure to cover your head and shoulders.
Always walk in the clockwise direction around Buddhist sites such as stupas and mani walls.
Be kind to everyone and greet people by bowing down and saying 'namaste'.
Before entering monasteries, temples, or local houses, make sure to remove your shoes.
Do not touch anything with your feet as it is considered rude and ill-mannered.
Always use your right hand for eating and passing things over the dining table.
Do not make fun of local culture and traditions or any kind of religious belief.
Visit India and explore a world full of thousands of surprises in the form of history, architecture, and nature. Gaze upon the beauty of the Taj Mahal or explore the busy streets of Mumbai and Delhi. Plan a tour of age-old temples and historical sites and learn about the history and culture of the country. Visit Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir and witness heaven. India is home to thousands of tourists' attractions.
Once a part of India, Bangladesh became an independent nation in the year 1971 and eventually, separated from India. Today, the country is known for being a land of history, culture, and nature. On one hand, tourists relish beautiful shores and other natural marvels and on the other hand, they enjoy intriguing history and incredible art forms. Take an excursion and unravel unknown beauties. Discover a different world within its boundaries.
One of the most peaceful, happiest, and least-corrupt countries in Asia, Bhutan is a charm that cannot be ignored. It is also one of the few places in the continent that have remained independent for centuries. That's one of the reasons Bhutan has been successful in retaining its age-old culture and traditions. Plan a trip and explore its marvelous monasteries. Drive-up winding roads and have a thrilling journey.
As Nepal is home to eight of the top 10 highest mountains in the world, it is also referred to as the ceiling of the world.
Nepal is one of the few places in the world that have never been under the rule of any foreign powers. That is the reason the country does not celebrate any Independence Day.
Nepal has numerous world records to its name. It is home to the deepest lake (Shey Phoksundo), the tallest grassland (the Chitwan) and the deepest gorge (Kali Gandagi Gorge).
Located in Nepal with a staggering height of about 8844 meters above the sea level, Mount Everest is the highest mountain on the planet.
The capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu is often called the cultural museum of the world for being home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The famous snow creature called Yeti, which is believed to be a lot taller than humans, has its home in the Himalayas of Nepal.
Nepal is popular across the world for being a significant center of adventures. People come to this wonderful country to enjoy trekking, hiking, and mountaineering.
Nepal is the only country in the world that doesn't have a quadrilateral flag. It is known for its non- cliched flag that is formed from two triangles.
The founder of Buddhism, Lord Buddha was born in Lumbini in Nepal and hence, one would come across several Buddhist temples and monks in the country.
The constitution of Nepal is not very old as it was framed in the year 2015.
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