The name Zambia was derived from the 4th longest river flowing in Africa, the Zambezi River. However, the history of Zambia has a lot more of a backstory than just the name of the country. The history of the country dates back to prehistoric times, proven by archaeological excavations made in the Zambezi Valley and the Kalambo Falls. Ancient camping tools at the sites have been carbon-dated back to almost 36,000 years.
The earliest settlers of modern-day Zambia were the tribal people of Khoisan, Batwa and little later the Bantu. These tribes are believed to have originated from different parts of Africa and made their way to modern-day Zambia, over 150,000 years ago. The earliest colonial rule came to Zambia in 1851, in the form of David Livingstone. Over the years many kingdoms were formed and conquered within the borders of modern-day Zambia.
However, the majority of the land was later on taken by the British through means of invasion and spreading their colonial regime. 1895 was the year copper was discovered by Fredrick Russell Burnham, which made Zambia a major producer of copper as we know it today. 1964 was the year, Zambia gained independence from British colonial rule. Kenneth Kaunda became the first president of the independent nation called Zambia.