The land of unsung beauties and the expanse of untrodden trails, Ghana is one of the least explored spectacular countries in the world. The nation has diverse wildlife, raw African culture, age-old sites, lip-smacking cuisine, and breathtaking landscapes to be noticed, explored, and documented. Unknown to many, Ghana also has some of the most beautiful and secluded beaches in West Africa. Hence, it would be perfectly alright to say that the country makes for an amazing destination for tourists of all kinds. Plan a visit and witness the majesty it nurtures. Watch its splendid cities offering modern as well as ancient charm. Ghana is surely an experience worth sharing. Prepare to explore Ghana tourism in its complete magnificence.
USEFUL INFO ABOUT GHANA
OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Ghana
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic
CAPITAL & LARGEST CITY: Accra
POPULATION: 31 Million (As of 2020)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: English
LANGUAGES SPOKEN: English, Asante Twi, Akuapem Twi, Bono, Dagaare, Dagbani, Dangme, Ewe and more
Almost all the major inhabited places in Ghana have great internet and phone services. Hence, it is always easy to connect to the outer world while you are in Ghana. The best mobile network operators in the country are as follows:
Once you land at the airport, you can buy a local prepaid SIM card of any of the above-given operators. Though the majority of resorts would provide you with free Wi-Fi and pay as you go phone services, it is always better to have your own resources. This way you would be able to come online while on the go. A one month-plan with the internet and calls would not cost you more than $10.
General Emergency Number: 112 (For police, fire, and ambulance services)
If you are in the capital city of Accra, then you can also use the following numbers
Ghanaian cedi is the legal tender in the Republic of Ghana and has been in use since 1965 when it replaced the Ghanaian Pound and became the official currency of the country. However, before Ghana gained independence and decided to leave the currencies introduced during the colonial era, the British West African Pound dominated the market as the legal tender.
It was scrapped in the year 1958 when Ghanaian Pound came into being. In the past, cowry shells have also been used as Ghana currency for exchanging goods and services. Today, Ghanaian cedi is one of the strongest currencies in Africa and is used across the nation. However, US dollars, Euros, and British pounds are also accepted at several places.
Symbol: GH₵/ GH¢
Code: GHS 1 Ghanaian cedi = 100 pesewa 1 Ghanaian cedi = 0.63 United Arab Dirham AED (As of April 2020) 1 Dollar to Ghana Cedis = 5.78 (As of April 2020) 1 Dirhams to Ghana Cedis (As of April 2020)
1 AED = 1.57 GHS
1 Euro to Ghana Cedis = 6.18 (As of April 2020)
Ghanaian cedi banknotes are found in the denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200
Ghanaian cedi bank coins are found in the denominations of Gp5, Gp10, Gp20, Gp50, 1 and 2
Please Note: Travelers Cheques are not accepted in most places.
Named after the Medieval-era Ghana Empire, Ghana is one of the oldest continuously inhabited regions in Africa with a history of more than 1000 years. The present-day country is believed to have been home to humans since the time before the Common Era. However, the earliest traces of development date back to the early middle ages when Ghana was on the verge of becoming one of the great kingdoms in the Sudan region of Africa.
It was in the 9th century when the country became a significant center of trade and politics in the world. Several empires ruled the nation until the middle Ages including the Ashanti Empire, the Akwamu, the Denkyira, and the Mankessim Kingdom, which ruled for about six centuries.
By the early 19th century, Ghana had become one of the most important and strongest regions in the western parts of Africa. And why it would not? After all, the region developed bonds with the Portuguese sailors and traders and gradually, the country witnessed drastic changes in terms of development. However, later, the Portuguese and the Germans started controlling several parts of the region by establishing gold coasts and by buildings forts and castles.
By the late 19th century, the British took over the control and started ruling it. The British colonial powers toppled all the other armies. However, on 6 March 1957, Ghana became an independent nation after its Gold Coast was released by the British and in the year 1960, it became a republic state.
Today, Ghana is one of the most popular and significant countries in Africa and is visited by thousands of tourists every year. It is immensely famous for its diverse African culture and rich wildlife. Gorgeous landscapes that make up the natural beauty of the country are equally fascinating and hence, savored by tourists from all over the world.
Spread over an area of about 239,567 sq km, the Republic of Ghana has an amazing topographical landscape. Its diversity lies in the beauty of hills, forests, streams, and valleys. The country is marked by ravishing mountains and gorgeous shores. Hence, one can find every kind of natural beauty within the boundaries of Ghana. You have got great hiking spots and wonderful trekking trails on one side and lush green plains and seaside beauties on the other.
Set on the dazzling waters of the beautiful Atlantic Ocean, Ghana is one of the largest countries in West Africa. Out of the total area of Ghana geography, about 3.5% makes up the water region and the remaining 96.5% forms the land. With a coastline of about 539 km, Ghana boasts of numerous picturesque beaches and several seaside settlements.
The lowest point in Ghana geography is the Atlantic Ocean at the sea level and the highest point is Mount Afadja at about 885 meters above the sea level. The nearest countries that can be accessed from Ghana are Togo, Ivory Coast, also called Cote d'lvoire, Burkina Faso, and Benin.
Art and Music
Though Ghanaian art and music are yet to be recognized across the globe, it is enjoyed to a large extent in most African countries. Be it hand-embroidered clothes or handmade ceramics, everything reflects a great deal of indigenous lifestyle. As Ghana has been ruled by numerous foreign powers in the past, its art and craft have several elements from the British, the Portuguese and the German culture.
The music is Ghana is present in varied forms. People in the country have ears for traditional as well as international beats. Playing drums and grooving to the beats of Asonko music is one of the popular pastimes for kids in the country. However, traditional music is loved by people of all age groups and of all kinds. Today, Ghanaians also listen to hip hop, jazz, and rock music.
Food and Drink
Ghanaian Cuisine is one of the most popular cuisines in Africa. However, it is also savored beyond the continent across several countries in the east as well as the west. Characterized using sauce or soup with a starchy staple food, Ghana food provides an experience into the culture of West African countries. Tomatoes are extensively used in the country and hence, most of the stews and soups prepared appear red.
The major staple foods used include millet, sorghum, cassava, maize, beans, and plantain. With the advent of globalization, the international cuisine is equally relished in Ghana. Here, you would also find people enjoying Chinese as well as Italian delicacies. Locally prepared drinks also make for an important part of the Ghana culture.
Jollof Rice, Banku and Tilapia, Fufu, Tuo Zaafi, Kelewele, Omo Tuo, Waakye, Red-red, and Boiled Yam
Great hospitality is in the culture of Ghana and hence, people in the country are quite friendly and welcoming. They are always kind and generous towards their guests. People in Ghana perfectly know how to treat their guests and hence, always look forward to catering to their desires. The country makes for a happy, cheerful, and helpful crowd.
Ghana is one of the least-explored countries in the world and hence, one can roam around freely and explore beauties without much distraction.
Take a look at age-old castles and forts and find the history of Ghana coming alive from their corners.
Explore the modern architecture of Accra and frame some of the most beautiful shots on your camera.
Spend a day witnessing rich flora and fauna at colorful national parks of Ghana.
Enjoy untroubled and pristine shores and have a perfect beach time with your family, friends, or partner at the most beautiful places to visit in Ghana.
Discover the hidden trails of Africa and bring home a lot of unforgettable memories.
Partake in cultural and music festivals and learn a bit about the raw culture and lifestyle of the country.
Be adventurous for a day and enjoy hiking expeditions.
Have an amazing family time as you relish the flavorsome Ghanaian Cuisine with your kids.
Sit by river or lakes and find soothing air rejuvenating your mind, body, and soul.
Explore locally prepared art and craft at the street markets of Ghana.
With a tropical climate, the weather in Ghana has two major types of seasons in a year, the wet season and dry season. The wet season in most of the parts in the country lasts from April to October. However, in the southern parts of Ghana, the rainy season starts from March and goes up till the mid of November.
The dry season characterized by hot days and cool nights starts from December and ends in the month of March. This is the time when the rainfall is quite low and hence, most of the places in the country including hilltops and mountains are easily accessible. That is the reason the period between January and March is considered the best time to visit Ghana.
The average temperature lies between the range of 30 ℃ and 24 ℃ in a year. Hence, it can be said that the climatic conditions in Ghana are quite tolerable throughout the year.
January to March
If you are looking forward to making the most of your trip to Ghana, then January to March is the best time to explore it. This is the season when you would find hotels providing the best deals. Every city and town becomes lively with the presence of the tourist crowd, though the crowd in the country is not too much to ignore. This is also the time when you would come across the beauty of the country at its summit.
Visit Ghana with Family/Kids
Explore the richly diverse flora and fauna at Mole and Kakum National Parks, one of the top Ghana things to do
Have a picnic time at the beautiful Bojo Beach as your kids play with the melodious waves of the ocean
Get your kids close to the culture and history of Ghana at Manhiya Palace Museum
Go on a tour on the outskirts of Ghana cities and towns and explore countryside life
Indulge in fun activities at Lakeside Marina Park
Spend hours detoxing under the warm sun at beautiful gardens and parks of Ghana
Visit Ghana as a Couple
Get drenched in the relaxing waters of Kintampo Waterfall
Go for a romantic walk at Labadi Beach and get lost in its serene atmosphere
Catch wonderful glimpse of the sunset and the sunrise at Cape Three Points
One of the things to do in Accra is planning a romantic dinner in Accra and explore the appetizing Ghanaian cuisine
Take beautiful selfies at Lake Volta and keep them as memories of Ghana
Visit Ghana with Friends
Hike up the forested mountain of Mount Afadja, the highest point in Ghana
Explore the gorgeous beaches of the country and click beautiful pictures at the time of dawn and dusk
Acknowledge the grandeur of the wonderful Cape Coast and Elmina castles
Take up the unknown routes and discover new places in Ghana
Dug up history at popular ancient sites of Fort William, Fort Amsterdam, and Usher Fort
Things to Buy?
Carvings and Masks
Local Music Cds
Otherwise known as La Pleasure Beach, Labadi Beach is one of the most prominent features of Ghana tourism for the place attracts thousands of tourists and explorers every year. Dotted with eateries and marked with hotels, the shore of the Labadi Beach offers an enigmatic atmosphere filled with positive vibes. One can come here and have a great time admiring the artistry of nature. Price: No Entrance Fee Timings: Anytime
National Museum of Ghana
Featuring a great collection of objects of archaeology and ethnography, the National Museum of Ghana is the largest and the oldest museum in the country. Inaugurated in the year 1957, it has relics starting from the Stone Age to the Modern period. Gold weights, beads, musical instruments, pottery, and a lot more are displayed here. Visit it and get an insight into the history and ancient lifestyle of Ghana. Price:
$7 for adults
$5 for students
$2 for children Timings: 09:00 am to 04:30 pm
Kakum National Park
Witness the richly diverse wildlife of Ghana at Kakum National Park. Spread over an area of about 375 sq. km, the national park offers numerous hiking and lodging opportunities. The place also makes for a great destination for campers, bird watchers, and photographers. From exotic to indigenous and rare to endangered, there are thousands of species of plants and animals to look forward to. Price:
$4.33 for adults
$2 for students Timings: 06:00 am to 04:00 pm
For an educational weekend, visit the popular Manhyia Palace of Kumasi and gaze upon its wonderful facade and the commendable interior. The palace was completed in the year 1925 and since then, it has been a significant landmark in the region. The palace now serves as a museum and houses interesting artifacts related to the ancient kings who ruled the region. From effigies to furniture and bronze head to sketch maps, everything would draw your attention. Timings: Mon to Sat (9 am - 5 pm)
The highest point in Ghana, Mount Afadja is every mountaineer's dream destination in the country. Standing at an elevation of about 885 meters, Mount Afadja is located near the border of Togo. Apart from climbing up the mountain and conquering its summit, you can also indulge in exploring nearby caves and waterfalls. Yes! The place is quite serene and houses numerous streams and other natural attractions. Price: No Entrance Fee Timings: Anytime
Cape Coast Castle
A beautiful castle that transports you straight into the early periods of Ghana, Cape Coast Castle was established by the European traders back in the mid-16th century. The castle was built to serve as a center for the business of gold and timber. However, in the subsequent years, the castle became a center for the trans-Atlantic slave trade and was used as a site to put slaves before loading them into ships. So, visit the castle and peel the layer of history off its rugged walls. Price:
$7 for adults
$4 for students Timings:
09:00 am to 05:00 pm (From Sunday to Friday)
07:15 am to 05:00 pm (Saturdays)
If you are looking for some peaceful time amid a tranquil atmosphere, then Lake Volta would be of great use to you. It is the largest artificial lake in the world and is surrounded by lush greenery. Come here and get lost in the silence of nature or simply laze by the dazzling waters as you feel cool breeze pass by. Revitalize your soul and breathe a new life into your body while admiring its charm. Price: No Entrance Fee Timings: Anytime
One of the oldest castles in West Africa, Elmina Castle dates to the late 15th century when it was established by the Portuguese. Overlooking the shore of the Atlantic Ocean, this wondrous beauty has in reserve history, art, and architecture to be explored. Witness the magnificent structural formation or admire the perfectly chiseled domes and walls. Elmina Castle is a poplar UNESCO World Heritage Site. Price:
$10 for adults
$7 for students
$2 for children Timings: 09:00 am to 05:00 pm
Major Cities to Explore in Ghana Accra
The capital city of Ghana, Accra must be on the top of your bucket list for the city has in store innumerable sights. The city shares the beauty of the history, art, and culture of the country. Hence, it deserves to be every traveler's priority. Sip on your favorite drink by the Labadi Beach or admire the wonderful exhibits of the National Museum of Ghana, some of Accra top things to do. Nkrumah Memorial Park, Osu Castle, Bojo Beach, and Jamestown Lighthouse are the other major places to visit in Accra.
Another metropolitan area of Ghana, Kumasi is a significant center of trade, politics, history, and culture. That is one of the reasons the city remains one of the most explored places in Ghana. For being set in the proximity of the beautiful Lake Bosomtwe, it makes for a great weekend escape for picnickers and photographers. Learn about the history of Asante at the Manhiya Palace Museum. Spot diverse wildlife at Kumasi Zoo. Armed Forces Museum and Owabi Wildlife Sanctuary are other places to visit in Kumasi.
A large commercial and industrial hub of Ghana, the twin cities of Sekondi-Takoradi is quite photogenic. From the beach of the Virgin Island to the dazzling harbor of Takoradi, every place holds uniqueness. Take a stroll through the city and enjoy its colorful streets. Shop at street markets or simply spend a day lazing by sandy beaches. Capture the pristine waterfronts of the city.
Though the charming Cape Coast is popular amongst tourists for its centuries-old castle, there is a lot one can relish within its boundaries. Apart from exploring the history of the Portuguese at its ancient sites, one can indulge in relishing stunning vistas at the time of dawn and dusk. The nearby Kakum National Park and the Eco-museum of Cocoa are certain other points of interest.
Other places to see in Ghana
Nkrumah Memorial Park
Mole National Park
Lakeside Marina Park
One of the most popular festivals in Ghana is the cultural celebration of Homowo. The festival refers to the observance of the historic famine that was followed by the bumper harvest of crops and seafood. This is the day when people dress up traditionally and indulge in preparing local delicacies. The preparation of a special meal made of palm oil and cornmeal is the most significant part of the celebration. Place: Accra Time: May
The fishing season in the Elmina region of Ghana takes off with the happy celebration of Bakatue. The festival brings in scenes of joy all around. People partake in cultural events and offer the first catch of the season to their gods. Net casting ceremonies are the most talked-about events of the festival. People also indulge in dancing and drumming. The beats of local music conquer the streets of the town. Place: Elmina Time: July
Chale Wote Festival
If you want to get a deep understanding of the local art and music in Ghana, then head to its capital city and attend the grand celebration of the Chale Wote Festival. It is a street art festival that gathers raw talent from around the country. Thousands of artists participate in several events and showcase their skills. Street plays, film shows, fashion parades, dance performances, street painting, photography, and a lot more are the parts of the celebration. Place: Accra Time: August
Nkabom Literary Festival
Have a strong affinity towards literature, music, and art? If yes, then Nkabom Literary Festival is all you need. Celebrated annually, the festival aims at transforming the contemporary society of artists. Hundreds of people from all over the country gather and discuss the importance of the continuous evolution of society through art and literature. Several performances and storytelling workshops also take place. Place: Accra Time: August
Accra Food Festival
Do not miss out on this wonderful festival if you are a foodie at heart. You can also attend the celebration if you would love to explore the culinary traditions of Ghana and other places in the world. Accra Food festival is all about scrumptious dishes from the local as well as international cuisine. Revel in mouth-watering delicacies as you take your taste buds on a world tour. Place: Accra Time: September
Other festivals celebrated in Ghana
As per the Ghana visa policy, every tourist is supposed to obtain a Ghana tourist visa to enter the boundaries of the country unless they belong to a visa-exempt country. Below given are all the countries that can enter Ghana or any other place in the country without any prior visa. However, citizens from these countries can only stay for a maximum period of 90 days within the country. The list includes:
(Citizens from Barbados, Jamaica, Mauritius, Zimbabwe and Trinidad and Tobago can stay only for a maximum period of 60 days under the visa-exempt policy)
The country also allows members of the African Union (except the citizens of Morocco) to obtain a Ghana visa on arrival for a minimum fee of $150. With this type of tourist visa, one can stay in Ghana for a maximum period of 30 days. However, to get one, you need to have:
A passport with a minimum of 6 months validity
Visa Application form
Amount to support your stay
Proof of accommodation
Two-color recent photographs
Citizens holding regular passports of all the other countries need to apply for a regular tourist visa to enter the boundaries of Ghana.
Click here to apply for Ghana visa or to learn more about Ghana visa requirements
Buses are available at all the tourist spots in the republic of Ghana. They are the cheapest means of transportation in the country. As buses provide comfortable rides too, they make for the perfect option, especially if you are looking forward to traveling from one city to another via road. All the major cities and towns of the country are well connected to each other by buses.
If you do not desire to compromise with comfort at any cost, then taxis would be perfect for you. They are available at major tourist spots and across all significant towns and cities in the country. Make sure you finalize the price before getting into the cab.
All the major cities and towns of Ghana are well connected to each other by rail. Hence, trains are the fastest and one of the most used public means of transport in Ghana. As it is also a cheaper option for getting around, it is preferred by a large majority of tourists for traveling between cities.
Being a nation set on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean, Ghana also uses water routes for commutation. You can get into small boats or ferries to reach one shore of the country from the other. If not for traveling, use them for an experience.
Via Air Route
The fastest way to reach Ghana is by taking the air route. Located in Accra and Kumasi respectively, Kotoka and Kumasi international airports are the two major airports serving the country. They are well connected to other parts of the world. You can take direct flights from places like New York City, Dubai, Amsterdam, and more to reach Ghana easily.
Via Road Route
If you are traveling to Ghana from the neighboring countries of Togo, Ivory Coast, and Burkina Faso, then you can use international buses and other road transport to reach it. The capital city of Accra and other major urban agglomerations have numerous bus stations that are greatly connected to nearby places via road route.
Via Water Route
You can take ferries and boats from the shores of nearby countries like Togo and Ivory Coast to reach Ghana via the water route.
Accra Mall is the best place to go for shopping in Ghana as the complex has everything from a to z on offer
Tipping is not so common in Ghana; however, it is always appreciated. So, do not shy away from tipping your server
The best place to enjoy a wide range of traditional Ghana meals is the capital city of Accra
Drive along shores of the Atlantic Ocean to capture the most beautiful sceneries of Ghana
Visit the popular places in Accra and Kumasi, such as museums and castles, early in the morning to avoid long queues at the ticket window
Do not rely on cards as they are not accepted at most of the places in the country
Head to unexplored paths of Ghana to discover the hidden natural beauty of the country away from the tourist crowd
Train is the best option if you want to explore different cities and towns at a minimum timeframe
Always keep a little bit of cash with you. Do not completely rely on cards
Check about Ghana weather before booking your tickets so that you figure out on what to pack and what not
Get a local guide along if you are taking an offbeat road trip in the remote regions of Ghana
While exploring around at crowded places, keep a check on your belongings
Always carry a copy of your passport and a hotel card for help in case of emergencies
Save your drinks from getting spiked in the public. Do not leave your food unattended, especially at crowded tourist places
Do not flaunt your valuables in the public, especially at crowded tourist spots. Always leave them at your hotel room
Stay away from traveling through poorly lit streets.
Get vaccinations for Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Typhoid, Shingles, Measles, Mumps, Polio, Chickenpox, Rubella, and Pneumonia before flying
Get your journey insured to help you in case of medical emergencies
Tap water is not at all safe in Ghana and hence, you must depend on bottled water
Keep insect repellent with you while exploring the remote parts of the country
Always eat at cafes and restaurants that are popular amongst locals
What to Pack?
Sunscreen and Sunglasses
Flip-flops and sandals
Light clothes for coastal regions
Warm clothes for hilly areas
Dress Code & Etiquette
Cover your head and shoulders while entering churches, mosques, temples, and other sites of religious significance
Always use your right hand to greet people and shake hands with them.
Do not make fun of local traditions and customs and do not talk ill of the country
Always welcome people with a happy face and winsome smile
One of the smallest countries in Africa and a great place to witness the raw culture of West Africa! Togo is recognized for its countryside lifestyle amongst travelers. As it is one of the least-explored nations in the world, it makes for a peaceful weekend escape. Explore the historically and architecturally significant site of Koutammakou or capture the dazzling waters of Lake Togo. The country offers several sites worth remembering.
Also known as Ivory Coast, the Republic of Cote d'lvoire is all set to make your weekend an unforgettable affair with its dynamic beauties. The presence of historical sites, architectural charm, and cultural diversity makes the country an adventurous escape. From witnessing the lush greenery of Tai and Comoe National Parks to gazing upon the grandeur of the beautiful Basilica of Our Lady of Peace, there is a lot one can indulge in here.
A landlocked nation bordering the republic of Ghana, Burkina Faso is another place that proves to be an amazing excursion for the country harbors several unmissable sites for tourists and explorers. Listen to untold legends of the country's history at the ancient Ruins of Loropeni. Get hypnotized by the untroubled nature of places like Cascades de Karfiguela and Pics de Sindou.
Distance Between Ghana and other places in the country
Accra to Kumasi 250Km
Accra to Cape Coast 146Km
Kumasi to Tamale 380Km
Accra to Mole National Park 687Km
Accra to Elmina 155Km
Kumasi to Elmina 225Km
The first country in the Sub-Saharan region of Africa to gain independence from the Colonial Era, is Ghana
Ghana is one of the few places in the world where every citizen has the right to follow the religion of his/her choice. People respect each other's beliefs and system
As per the Global Peace Index, Ghana is one of the happiest and peaceful nations in the world
People in the country do not have any problem with polygamy as the practice is legal here. Having more than one wife is quite common for rich and powerful people
Ghana was once called the Gold Coast as the rivers Volta and Ankobra in the country had an abundance of gold
Playing drums and dancing is one of the most popular favorite pastimes for the kids of Ghana
In the Ghanaian culture, a widow often gets married to the brother of her dead husband
Built in the late 15th century, Elmina Castle is the oldest European building in the sub-Saharan area of Africa
Ghanaian cedi, the official currency of the country, is the third-strongest currency in Africa
Ghana is one of the few countries in the continent where you would come across every kind of climate
In the Soninke language, Ghana translates to 'Warrior King'. The name has come from the kings of the Medieval Era who ruled the region
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