As Andalusia has been a part of Spain for several centuries, its history is influenced by the country. However, there are a lot of things one needs to know in order to fully understand the historical aspects of Andalusia. The earliest traces of civilization in the territory is claimed to be thousands of years old and the presence of oldest paintings in the world in the Caves of Malaga surely proves that. However, if development is taken into consideration, then it can be said that Andalusia started witnessing evolution during the period of the Phoenicians and the ancient Greeks.
After their fall, the Carthaginians took over the control. However, they couldn’t retain it for long as the Romans invaded them and conquered Andalusia. Hence, this present-day autonomous community became a part of the Roman Empire. The Romans ruled for a number of centuries until they were dethroned by other foreign powers including the Vandals, the Visigoths, and the Byzantines in subsequent years.
By the early 8th century, the Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula had happened and this led to the formation of several states across the region. During this period, the Iberian Peninsula was called Al-Andalus. Until the early 13th century, a number of powers ruled the states of Andalusia and helped the territory score in the fields of education, trade, economy, politics, culture, and history.
Later on, after the decline of the last Almohad dynasty, new regions within the territory were developed and each of them was ruled by an independent ruler. During this period, Andalusia became one of the richest and most influential places in Spain.
Today, Andalusia is one of the major parts of Spain and is a prime tourist attraction in the city. Millions of people from across the globe visit it to savor its historical, natural, and architectural beauty. Over a period of time, Andalusia has developed quite a unique culture to explore and scrutinized.